Coordinator: Sachsen-Leinen e.V.
Contact person: Lovis Kneisel
Address: August-Bebel-Str. 2, 04416 Markkleeberg
Phone: +49 341 35037582
Project partners in Germany:
- Fachgruppe Geoökologie am Institut für Geowissenschaften und Geographie der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg
- Hanffaser Uckermark eG, Prenzlau
- Leibniz-Institut für Agrartechnik und Bioökonomie e.V., Potsdam
- Sächsisches Textilforschungsinstitut e.V., Chemnitz
- hessnatur Stiftung
Project partners in Central Asia:
- World Agroforestry (ICRAF) Central Asia, Kirgistan/Kasachstan
- TOO Kazhemp, Kasachstan
- Tobinamcell LLC, Usbekistan
- Technische Universität Almaty, Kasachstan
- Kasachische Nationaluniversität – Al Farabi
- Kasachische Nationale Agraruniversität
- Internationales Innovationszentrum für das Aralseegebiet (IICA), Usbekistan
Recultivation of saline arable areas in Central Asia with adapted non-food crops (kendyr) as well as textile added value as an alternative to cotton
Water scarcity and salinisation: Central challenges for agriculture in Central Asia
Since the 1950s, Central Asia has been one of the world’s key cotton-producing regions. However, cotton production has contributed significantly to the scarcity of water resources in the region and is also responsible for the secondary salinisation of large agricultural areas. In light of decreasing and more highly seasonal water supplies – a consequence of climate change – paired with the extensive degradation of agricultural space, the Central Asian acreage for cotton has decreased by more than half since 2007, with a continuous downward trend. Governments in the region have recognised the problem and support the search for alternative ways of managing land to cultivate crops on degraded arable areas as well as for raw materials that are more environmentally friendly and require less resources for the regional industry.
Perspectives: Kendyr as a viable alternative to cotton
Kendyr (Apocynum venetum L.) belongs to the Apocynaceae family (dogbanes) and is naturally found in Central Asia; the bark of its stems can be used to obtain textile bast fibres. Scientific approaches to its cultivation originated in the former Soviet Union and were suppressed due to the strong focus on cotton. Today, kendyr is only used for commercial purposes in parts of China, where smallest quantities gathered in the wild are processed manually. The fact that this plant can grow productively on heavily saline soils and exploit ground water at a depth of up to 4 metres makes this a promising culture for the textile markets of the future.
KendyrTEX aims to use kendyr (Apocynum venetum L.) to demonstrate a sustainable, textile alternative to cotton with a high relevance for the Central Asia region. Kendyr is a fibre plant that can be grown productively on saline soils and requires significantly less water than cotton – and is thus predestined for viable use on degraded and/or marginal agricultural areas, without competing with food production.
The approach: Systematic and holistic examination of cultivation, harvest and processing
The project therefore focuses on producing a fibre quality that is similar to that of cotton and can be processed on existing, local cotton textile machines as a mixing partner. In KendyrTEX, a consortium comprising a total of 13 German and Central Asian partners in the fields of agriculture, sustainable use/landscape ecology, textile technology, textile marketing and sustainability balancing closely cooperates to transform the wild plant kendyr into an arable crop with an industrial nature that can be used in innovative textile and technical applications by means of manual processing technology. To do so, the consortium will first develop a form of cultivation that is appropriate for the climate and location and at the same time is as productive and quality-oriented as possible. A second step will then focus on modern and effective harvesting and processing methods to obtain fibres in a manner that both conserves resources and is environmentally friendly. The holistic project approach comprises ecosystem-related aspects of cultivation and agricultural technology, textile-technological processing as well as product development and marketing.